The Difference Between Being Smart, Educated, and Intelligent – Education Definition

I’ve always been intrigued by the subject of intelligence. As a child my mother would refer to me as “smart,” but I quickly noticed that all parents refer to their children as smart. In time I would discover that all children are not smart, just as all babies are not cute. If that were the case, we’d have a world full of beautiful, smart people – which we don’t.Some of us are smart; but not as smart as we think, and others are smarter than they seem, which makes me wonder, how do we define smart? What makes one person smarter than another? When do “street smarts” matter more than “book smarts”? Can you be both smart and stupid? Is being smart more of a direct influence of genetics, or one’s environment?Then there are the issues of education, intelligence and wisdom.What does it mean to be highly educated? What’s the difference between being highly educated and highly intelligent? Does being highly educated automatically make you highly intelligent? Can one be highly intelligent without being highly educated? Do IQs really mean anything? What makes a person wise? Why is wisdom typically associated with old age?My desire to seek answers to these questions inspired many hours of intense research which included the reading of 6 books, hundreds of research documents, and countless hours on the Internet; which pales in comparison to the lifetime of studies and research that pioneers in the fields of intelligence and education like Howard Gardner, Richard Sternberg, Linda S. Gottfredson, Thomas Sowell, Alfie Kohn, and Diane F. Halpern whose work is cited in this article.My goal was simple: Amass, synthesize, and present data on what it means to be smart, educated and intelligent so that it can be understood and used by anyone for their benefit.PRENATAL CAREWith this in mind, there was not a better (or more appropriate) place to start than at the very beginning of our existence: as a fetus in the womb.There is mounting evidence that the consumption of food that’s high in iron both before and during pregnancy is critical to building the prenatal brain. Researchers have found a strong association between low iron levels during pregnancy and diminished IQ. Foods rich in iron include lima beans, kidney beans, pinto beans, spinach, asparagus, broccoli, seafoods, nuts, dried fruits, oatmeal, and fortified cereals.Children with low iron status in utero (in the uterus) scored lower on every test and had significantly lower language ability, fine-motor skills, and tractability than children with higher prenatal iron levels. In essence, proper prenatal care is critical to the development of cognitive skills.COGNITIVE SKILLSCognitive skills are the basic mental abilities we use to think, study, and learn. They include a wide variety of mental processes used to analyze sounds and images, recall information from memory, make associations between different pieces of information, and maintain concentration on particular tasks. They can be individually identified and measured. Cognitive skill strength and efficiency correlates directly with students’ ease of learning.DRINKING, PREGNANCY, AND ITS INTELLECTUAL IMPACTDrinking while pregnant is not smart. In fact, it’s downright stupid.A study in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has found that even light to moderate drinking – especially during the second trimester – is associated with lower IQs in offspring at 10 years of age. This result was especially pronounced among African-American rather than Caucasian offspring.”IQ is a measure of the child’s ability to learn and to survive in his or her environment. It predicts the potential for success in school and in everyday life. Although a small but significant percentage of children are diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) each year, many more children are exposed to alcohol during pregnancy who do not meet criteria for FAS yet experience deficits in growth and cognitive function,” said Jennifer A. Willford, assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.Paul D. Connor, clinical director of the Fetal Alcohol and Drug Unit and assistant professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Washington has this to say about the subject:”There are a number of domains of cognitive functioning that can be impaired even in the face of a relatively normal IQ, including academic achievement (especially arithmetic), adaptive functioning, and executive functions (the ability to problem solve and learn from experiences). Deficits in intellectual, achievement, adaptive, and executive functioning could make it difficult to appropriately manage finances, function independently without assistance, and understand the consequences of – or react appropriately to – mistakes.”This is a key finding which speaks directly to the (psychological) definition of intelligence which is addressed later in this article.ULTRA SOUNDSStudies have shown that the frequent exposure of the human fetus to ultrasound waves is associated with a decrease in newborn body weight, an increase in the frequency of left-handedness, and delayed speech.Because ultrasound energy is a high-frequency mechanical vibration, researchers hypothesized that it might influence the migration of neurons in a developing fetus. Neurons in mammals multiply early in fetal development and then migrate to their final destinations. Any interference or disruption in the process could result in abnormal brain function.Commercial companies (which do ultrasounds for “keepsake” purposes) are now creating more powerful ultrasound machines capable of providing popular 3D and 4D images. The procedure, however, lasts longer as they try to make 30-minute videos of the fetus in the uterus.The main stream magazine New Scientist reported the following: Ultrasound scans can stop cells from dividing and make them commit suicide. Routine scans, which have let doctors peek at fetuses and internal organs for the past 40 years, affect the normal cell cycle.On the FDA website this information is posted about ultrasounds:While ultrasound has been around for many years, expectant women and their families need to know that the long-term effects of repeated ultrasound exposures on the fetus are not fully known. In light of all that remains unknown, having a prenatal ultrasound for non-medical reasons is not a good idea.NATURE VERSUS NURTURE…THE DEBATE CONTINUESNow that you are aware of some of the known factors which determine, improve, and impact the intellectual development of a fetus, it’s time for conception. Once that baby is born, which will be more crucial in the development of its intellect: nature (genetics) or nurture (the environment)?Apparently for centuries, scientists and psychologists have gone back and forth on this. I read many comprehensive studies and reports on this subject during the research phase of this article, and I believe that it’s time to put this debate to rest. Both nature and nurture are equally as important and must be fully observed in the intellectual development of all children. This shouldn’t be an either/or proposition.A recent study shows that early intervention in the home and in the classroom can make a big difference for a child born into extreme poverty, according to Eric Turkheimer, a psychologist at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. The study concludes that while genetic makeup explains most of the differences in IQ for children in wealthier families, environment – and not genes – makes a bigger difference for minority children in low-income homes.Specifically, what researchers call “heritability”- the degree to which genes influence IQ – was significantly lower for poor families. “Once you’re put into an adequate environment, your genes start to take over,” Mr. Turkheimer said, “but in poor environments genes don’t have that ability.”But there are reports that contradict these findings…sort of.Linda S. Gottfredson, a professor of educational studies at the University of Delaware, wrote in her article, The General Intelligence Factor that environments shared by siblings have little to do with IQ. Many people still mistakenly believe that social, psychological and economic differences among families create lasting and marked differences in IQ.She found that behavioral geneticists refer to such environmental effects as “shared” because they are common to siblings who grow up together. Her reports states that the heritability of IQ rises with age; that is to say, the extent to which genetics accounts for differences in IQ among individuals increases as people get older.In her article she also refers to studies comparing identical and fraternal twins, published in the past decade by a group led by Thomas J. Bouchard, Jr., of the University of Minnesota and other scholars, show that about 40 percent of IQ differences among preschoolers stems from genetic differences, but that heritability rises to 60 percent by adolescence and to 80 percent by late adulthood.And this is perhaps the most interesting bit of information, and relevant to this section of my article:With age, differences among individuals in their developed intelligence come to mirror more closely their genetic differences. It appears that the effects of environment on intelligence fade rather than grow with time.Bouchard concludes that young children have the circumstances of their lives imposed on them by parents, schools and other agents of society, but as people get older they become more independent and tend to seek out the life niches that are most congenial to their genetic proclivities.BREAST-FEEDING INCREASES INTELLIGENCEResearchers from Christchurch School of Medicine in New Zealand studied over 1,000 children born between April and August 1977. During the period from birth to one year, they gathered information on how these children were fed.The infants were then followed to age 18. Over the years, the researchers collected a range of cognitive and academic information on the children, including IQ, teacher ratings of school performance in reading and math, and results of standardized tests of reading comprehension, mathematics, and scholastic ability. The researchers also looked at the number of passing grades achieved in national School Certificate examinations taken at the end of the third year of high school.The results indicated that the longer children had been breast-fed, the higher they scored on such tests.TALKING TO YOUR CHILDREN MAKES A DIFFERENCEThomas Sowell, author of Race, IQ, Black Crime, and facts Liberals Ignore uncovered some fascinating information that every parent should take note of. He writes:There is a strong case that black Americans suffer from a series of disadvantageous environments. Studies show time and again that before they go to school, black children are on average exposed to a smaller vocabulary than white children, in part due to socioeconomic factors.While children from professional households typically exposed to a total of 2,150 different words each day, children from working class households are exposed to 1,250, and children from households on welfare a mere 620.Yes, smart sounding children tend to come from educated, professional, two-parent environments where they pick-up valuable language skills and vocabulary from its smart sounding inhabitants.Mr. Sowell continues: Black children are obviously not to blame for their poor socioeconomic status, but something beyond economic status is at work in black homes. Black people have not signed up for the “great mission” of the white middle class – the constant quest to stimulate intellectual growth and get their child into Harvard or Oxbridge.Elsie Moore of Arizona State University, Phoenix, studied black children adopted by either black or white parents, all of whom were middle-class professionals. By the age of 7.5 years, those in black homes were 13 IQ points behind those being raised in the white homes.ACCUMULATED ADVANTAGESAt this juncture in my research it dawned on me, and should be fairly obvious to you, that many children are predisposed to being smart, educated, and intelligent, simply by their exposure to the influential factors which determine them long before they start school.An informed mother, proper prenatal care, educated, communicative parents, and a nurturing environment in which to live, all add up to accumulated advantages that formulate intellectual abilities. As you can see, some children have unfair advantages from the very beginning.Malcolm Gladwell, author of top-selling book Outliers, wrote that “accumulated advantages” are made possible by arbitrary rules…and such unfair advantages are everywhere. “It is those who are successful who are most likely to be given the kinds of social opportunities that lead to further success,” he writes. “It’s the rich who get the biggest tax breaks. It’s the best students who get the best teaching and most attention.”With that in mind, we turn our attention to education and intelligence.WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE WELL EDUCATED?Alfie Kohn, author of the book What Does It Mean To Be Well Educated? poses the question, does the phrase well educated refer to a quality of schooling you received, or something about you? Does it denote what you were taught? Or what you remember?I contend that to be well educated is all in the application; the application and use of information. Information has to be used in order to become knowledge, and as we all have heard, knowledge is power.Most people are aware of the floundering state of education in this country on some level. We tell our children that nothing is more important than getting a “good” education, and every year, due to government budget shortfalls, teachers are laid off, classes are condensed, schools are closed, and many educational programs – especially those which help the underprivileged – are cut.The reality is, we don’t really value education. We value it as a business, an industry, political ammunition, and as an accepted form of discrimination, but not for what it was intended: a means of enriching one’s character and life through learning.What we value as a society, are athletes and the entertainment they offer. The fact that a professional athlete makes more money in one season, than most teachers in any region will make in their careers, is abominable. There’s always money to build new sports stadiums, but not enough to give teachers a decent (and well-deserved) raise.Ironically, the best teachers don’t go into the profession for money. They teach because it’s a calling. Most of them were influenced by a really good teacher as a student. With the mass exodus of teachers, many students are not able to cultivate the mentoring relationships that they once were able to because so many are leaving the profession – voluntarily and involuntarily – within an average of three years.At the high school level, where I got my start, the emphasis is not on how to educate the students to prepare them for life, or even college (all high schools should be college-prep schools, right?), it was about preparing them to excel on their standardized tests. Then the controversial “exit” exams were implemented and literally, many high schools were transformed into testing centers. Learning has almost become secondary.This mentality carries over into college, which of course there’s a test one must take in order to enroll (the SAT or ACT). This explains why so many college students are more concerned with completing a course, than learning from it. They are focused on getting “A’s” and degrees, instead of becoming degreed thinkers. The latter of which are in greater demand by employers and comprise the bulk of the self-employed. The “get-the-good-grade” mindset is directly attributable to the relentless and often unnecessary testing that our students are subjected to in schools.Alfie Kohn advocates the “exhibition” of learning, in which students reveal their understanding by means of in-depth projects, portfolios of assignments, and other demonstrations.He cites a model pioneered by Ted Sizer and Deborah Meier. Meier has emphasized the importance of students having five “habits of mind,” which are: the value of raising questions about evidence (“How do we know what we know?”), point of view, (“Whose perspective does this represent?”), connections (“How is this related to that?”), supposition (“How might things have been otherwise?”), and relevance (“Why is this important?”).Kohn writes: It’s only the ability to raise and answer those questions that matters, though, but also the disposition to do so. For that matter, any set of intellectual objectives, any description of what it means to think deeply and critically, should be accompanied by a reference to one’s interest or intrinsic motivation to do such thinking…to be well-educated then, is to have the desire as well as the means to make sure that learning never ends…HISTORY AND PURPOSE OF IQWe’ve always wanted to measure intelligence. Ironically, when you look at some the first methods used to evaluate it in the 1800s, they were not, well, very intelligent. Tactics such as subjecting people to various forms of torture to see what their threshold for pain was (the longer you could withstand wincing, the more intelligent you were believed to be), or testing your ability to detect a high pitch sound that others could not hear.Things have changed…or have they?No discussion of intelligence or IQ can be complete without mention of Alfred Binet, a French psychologist who was responsible for laying the groundwork for IQ testing in 1904. His original intention was to devise a test that would diagnose learning disabilities of students in France. The test results were then used to prepare special programs to help students overcome their educational difficulties.It was never intended to be used as an absolute measure of one’s intellectual capabilities.According to Binet, intelligence could not be described as a single score. He said that the use of the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) as a definite statement of a child’s intellectual capability would be a serious mistake. In addition, Binet feared that IQ measurement would be used to condemn a child to a permanent “condition” of stupidity, thereby negatively affecting his or her education and livelihood.The original interest was in the assessment of ‘mental age’ — the average level of intelligence for a person of a given age. His creation, the Binet-Simon test (originally called a “scale”), formed the archetype for future tests of intelligence.H. H. Goddard, director of research at Vineland Training School in New Jersey, translated Binet’s work into English and advocated a more general application of the Simon-Binet test. Unlike Binet, Goddard considered intelligence a solitary, fixed and inborn entity that could be measured. With help of Lewis Terman of Stanford University, his final product, published in 1916 as the Stanford Revision of the Binet-Simon Scale of Intelligence (also known as the Stanford-Binet), became the standard intelligence test in the United States.It’s important to note that the fallacy about IQ is that it is fixed and can not be changed. The fact is that IQ scores are known to fluctuate – both up and down during the course of one’s lifetime. It does not mean that you become more, or less intelligent, it merely means that you tested better on one day than another.One more thing to know about IQ tests: They have been used for racist purposes since their importation into the U.S. Many of those who were involved in the importation and refinement of these tests believed that IQ was hereditary and are responsible for feeding the fallacy that it is a “fixed” trait.Many immigrants were tested in the 1920s and failed these IQ tests miserably. As a result, many of them were denied entry into the U.S., or were forced to undergo sterilization for fear of populating America with “dumb” and “inferior” babies. If you recall, the tests were designed for white, middle class Americans. Who do you think would have the most difficulty passing them?Lewis Terman developed the original notion of IQ and proposed this scale for classifying IQ scores:000 – 070: Definite feeble-mindedness
070 – 079: Borderline deficiency
080 – 089: Dullness
090 – 109: Normal or average intelligence
110 – 119: Superior intelligence
115 – 124: Above average (e.g., university students)
125 – 134: Gifted (e.g., post-graduate students)
135 – 144: Highly gifted (e.g., intellectuals)
145 – 154: Genius (e.g., professors)
155 – 164: Genius (e.g., Nobel Prize winners)
165 – 179: High genius
180 – 200: Highest genius
200 – higher ?: Immeasurable genius*Genius IQ is generally considered to begin around 140 to 145, representing only 25% of the population (1 in 400).
*Einstein was considered to “only” have an IQ of about 160.DEFINING INTELLIGENCEDiane F. Halpern, a psychologist and past-president of the American Psychological Association (APA), wrote in her essay contribution to Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid that in general, we recognize people as intelligent if they have some combination of these achievements (1) good grades in school; (2) a high level of education; (3) a responsible, complex job; (4) some other recognition of being intelligent, such as winning prestigious awards or earning a large salary; (5) the ability to read complex text with good comprehension; (6) solve difficult and novel problems.Throughout my research and in the early phases of this article, I came across many definitions of the word intelligence. Some were long, some were short. Some I couldn’t even understand. The definition that is most prevalent is the one created by the APA which is: the ability to adapt to one’s environment, and learn from one’s mistakes.How about that? There’s the word environment again. We just can’t seem to escape it. This adds deeper meaning to the saying, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” It means recognizing what’s going on in your environment, and having the intelligence adapt to it – and the people who occupy it – in order to survive and succeed within it.There are also many different forms of intelligence. Most notably those created by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University.Dr. Gardner believes (and I agree) that our schools and culture focus most of their attention on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. We esteem the highly articulate or logical people of our culture. However, Dr. Gardner says that we should also place equal attention on individuals who show gifts in the other intelligences: the artists, architects, musicians, naturalists, designers, dancers, therapists, entrepreneurs, and others who enrich the world in which we live.He felt that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on IQ testing, was far too limited and created the Theories Of Multiple Intelligences in 1983 to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults.These intelligences are:Linguistic intelligence (“word smart”)
Logical-mathematical intelligence (“number/reasoning smart”)
Spatial intelligence (“picture smart”)
Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence (“body smart”)
Musical intelligence (“music smart”)
Interpersonal intelligence (“people smart”)
Intrapersonal intelligence (“self smart”)
Naturalist intelligence (“nature smart”)Not associated with Dr. Gardner, but equally respected are:FLUID & CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCEAccording to About.com, Psychologist Raymond Cattell first proposed the concepts of fluid and crystallized intelligence and further developed the theory with John Horn. The Cattell-Horn theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence suggests that intelligence is composed of a number of different abilities that interact and work together to produce overall individual intelligence.Cattell defined fluid intelligence as “…the ability to perceive relationships independent of previous specific practice or instruction concerning those relationships.” Fluid intelligence is the ability to think and reason abstractly and solve problems. This ability is considered independent of learning, experience, and education. Examples of the use of fluid intelligence include solving puzzles and coming up with problem solving strategies.Crystallized intelligence is learning from past experiences and learning. Situations that require crystallized intelligence include reading comprehension and vocabulary exams. This type of intelligence is based upon facts and rooted in experiences. This type of intelligence becomes stronger as we age and accumulate new knowledge and understanding.Both types of intelligence increase throughout childhood and adolescence. Fluid intelligence peaks in adolescence and begins to decline progressively beginning around age 30 or 40. Crystallized intelligence continues to grow throughout adulthood.SUCCESSFUL INTELLIGENCEThen there’s Successful Intelligence, which is authored by intelligence psychologist and Yale professor, Robert J. Sternberg, who believes that the whole concept of relating IQ to life achievement is misguided, because he believes that IQ is a pretty miserable predictor of life achievement.His Successful Intelligence theory focuses on 3 types of intelligence which are combined to contribute to one’s overall success: Analytical Intelligence; mental steps or components used to solve problems; Creative Intelligence: the use of experience in ways that foster insight (creativity/divergent thinking); and Practical Intelligence: the ability to read and adapt to the contexts of everyday life.With regard to environment, Mr. Sternberg writes in his book Successful Intelligence: Successfully intelligent people realize that the environment in which they find themselves may or may not be able to make the most of their talents. They actively seek an environment where they can not only do successful work, but make a difference. They create opportunities rather than let opportunities be limited by circumstances in which they happen to find themselves.As an educator, I subscribe to Mr. Sternberg’s Successful Intelligence approach to teaching. It has proven to be a highly effective tool and mindset for my college students. Using Successful Intelligence as the backbone of my context-driven curriculum really inspires students to see how education makes their life goals more attainable, and motivates them to further develop their expertise. Mr. Sternberg believes that the major factor in achieving expertise is purposeful engagement.EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCEIn his best-selling 1995 book, Emotional Intelligence, Daniel Goleman reported that research shows that conventional measures of intelligence – IQ – only account for 20% of a person’s success in life. For example, research on IQ and education shows that high IQ predicts 10 to 25% of grades in college. The percentage will vary depending on how we define success. Nonetheless, Goleman’s assertion begs the question: What accounts for the other 80%?You guessed it…Emotional Intelligence. What exactly is emotional intelligence? Emotional intelligence (also called EQ or EI) refers to the ability to perceive, control, and evaluate emotions. Many corporations now have mandatory EQ training for their managers in an effort to improve employee
relations and increase productivity.TACIT KNOWLEDGE aka “STREET SMARTS”You’ve heard the phrase, “Experience is the greatest teacher…”In psychology circles knowledge gained from everyday experience is called tacit knowledge. The colloquial term is “street smarts,” which implies that formal, classroom instruction (aka “book smarts”) has nothing to do with it. The individual is not directly instructed as to what he or she should learn, but rather must extract the important lesson from the experience even when learning is not the primary objective.Tacit knowledge is closely related to common sense, which is sound and prudent judgment based on a simple perception of the situation or facts. As you know, common sense is not all that common.Tacit knowledge, or the lessons obtained from it, seems to “stick” both faster and better when the lessons have direct relevance to the individual’s goals. Knowledge that is based on one’s own practical experience will likely be more instrumental to achieving one’s goals than will be knowledge that is based on someone else’s experience, or that is overly generic and abstract.BEING BOTH SMART AND STUPIDYes, it’s possible to be both smart and stupid. I’m sure someone you know comes to mind at this precise moment. But the goal here is not to ridicule, but to understand how some seemingly highly intelligent, or highly educated individuals can be so smart in one way, and incredibly stupid in others.The woman who is a respected, well paid, dynamic executive who consistently chooses men who don’t appear to be worthy of her, or the man who appears to be a pillar of the community, with a loving wife and happy kids, ends up being arrested on rape charges.It happens, but why? I found the answer in Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid. Essentially, intellect is domain specific. In other words, being smart (knowledgeable) in one area of your life, and stupid (ignorant) in another is natural. Turning off one’s brain is quite common especially when it comes to what we desire. A shared characteristic among those who are smart and stupid, is the difficulty in delaying gratification.Olem Ayduk & Walter Mischel who wrote the chapter summarized: Sometimes stupid behavior in smart people may arise from faulty expectations, erroneous beliefs, or merely a lack of motivation to enact control strategies even when one has them. But sometimes it is an inability to regulate one’s affective states and the behavioral tendencies associated with them that leads to stupid and self-defeating behavior.The central character in this book who many of these lessons regarding being smart and stupid revolve around is Bill Clinton and his affair with Monica Lewinksky.WISDOM & CONCLUSIONMy great grandmother, Leola Cecil, maybe had an 8th grade education at the most. By no stretch of the imagination was she highly educated, but she had what seemed like infinite wisdom. She was very observant and could “read” people with startling accuracy. Till the very end of her life she shared her “crystallized intelligence” with whomever was receptive to it.She died at the age of 94. I often use many of her sayings as a public speaker, but most importantly, I use her philosophies to make sure that I’m being guided spiritually and not just intellectually. Many of us who are lucky enough to have a great grandparent can testify that there is something special about their knowledge. They seem to have life figured out, and a knack for helping those of us who are smart, educated and intelligent see things more clearly when we are too busy thinking.What they have is what we should all aspire to end up with if we are lucky: wisdom.Wisdom is the ability to look through a person, when others can only look at them. Wisdom slows down the thinking process and makes it more organic; synchronizing it with intuition. Wisdom helps you make better judgments regarding decisions, and makes you less judgmental. Wisdom is understanding without knowing, and accepting without understanding. Wisdom is recognizing what’s important to other people, and knowing that other people are of the utmost importance to you. Wisdom is both a starting point, and a final conclusion.

4 Definitions in NCLB About Reading That You Can Use to Help Your Special Education Child! – Education Definition

Do you have a child with autism or a learning disability, who is receiving special education services, but is still struggling to learn to read? Would you like to learn a few definitions of reading from NCLB that you could use to advocate for your child? No Child Left Behind (NCLB) was passed January 8, 2002 and focuses on educational instruction and methods that have been proven to work to teach children. This is important because the curriculum used by many school districts are ineffective and outdated. This article will discuss 4 definitions that will help you in your advocacy for your child.Definition 1: Reading: Reading means a complex system of getting meaning from print that requires all of the following. These are: skills and knowledge to understand phonemes, or speech sounds that are connected to print; the ability to decode unfamiliar words (break the words down to their parts); the ability to read fluently; sufficient vocabulary to allow for good reading comprehension; maintenance of a motivation to read.This definition is important, because it describes the necessary skills that are needed for a child to learn to read. As a parent you can be involved with your child’s education and make sure that they are learning these skills, at an early age.Definition 2: 5 Essential components of reading instruction that are shown to bring about early reading success! Phonemic awareness (the ability to hear and identify sounds in spoken words). Phonics (the relationship between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language). Fluency (the capacity to read accurately and quickly). Vocabulary: (the words students must know to communicate in an effective manner). Comprehension (the ability to understand and give meaning from what has been read).You need to make sure that any curriculum used to teach your child to read, has these 5 necessary components. Ask school personnel to show you in writing, that these 5 components are included in your child’s curriculum.Definition 3: Scientifically Based Research means that there is reliable evidence that the program, curriculum, or practice works. This means that any program that school districts use must have research, backing the fact that it works to help children learn. Also, for any curriculum to be scientifically research based, it must have been accepted by a peer reviewed journal, or approved by independent experts through a rigorous, objective, and scientific review.Ask your special education personnel to please show you in writing that your child’s reading (and other academics) curriculum is scientifically research based, and also that it has been accepted by a peer reviewed journal. Ask for the research in writing so that you can see for yourself if the curriculum is proven to work.Definition 4: Diagnostic Reading Assessment: The term means an assessment (test) that is valid, reliable and based on scientifically based reading research. The assessment must identify the child’s specific strengths and weaknesses, so that the child can learn to read by the end of the third grade, determine the difficulties the child has in learning to read, and helping to determine possible reading intervention strategies and related special education needs.An appropriate assessment is critical to determine what skills your child still needs to learn to help them read, and also what curriculum would be appropriate to help them learn.Use these 4 definitions to advocate for your child in the area of Reading! If a child does not learn to read early it will be very difficult to catch up skills that they missed. Keeping this in mind use these 4 definitions to advocate for your child in the area of Reading!

Professional Continuing Education Is Important In Many Fields – Education Definition

As the world continues to get more complex, careers are becoming more specialized and require continuing education credits to remain in good standing. This is especially true in the medical fields although many professions and professional organizations also demand their members to continue to develop the skills necessary for today’s changing environments.Almost any field of study that takes a great deal of study to become a recognized member will require continuing education. From engineering, medical nurses and doctors, respiratory therapists, quality managers and many others all are expected to maintain a level of education consistent with the field of knowledge. The reason behind this is to have professionals who have not only maintained but also developed and learned new techniques and skill sets. This is critical in much of the more complex business world.Quality engineers and managers focus on competence and techniques that not only allow for the lowest cost products to be developed but also understand the trade-offs between cost and quality.CPA’s or certified public accountants, need to keep up with the latest laws and be up to date with many of the sometimes arcane accounting principles. Teachers and nursing are two other fields that also require continuing education to remain active in the profession.Although a good education in many of the professional fields can provide a solid understanding of the industry no matter if it be financial, medical, industrial, or scientific. Ongoing competence in any of these fields however requires an ongoing process of continuing education. Continuing education is necessary for the professional to remain up to date with the latest techniques and knowledge base in the field of study.Typically continuing education translates into a certain number of course credit hours for the professional every so many years. These additional education credits are sometimes mandatory when renewing government controlled certifications like a teaching certificate. Although some groups do not make the ongoing educational process mandatory, almost all provide an opportunity to obtain the educational credits through sponsored classes, seminars, and online “CBT” or computer based training.In order to stay professional and remain in good standing wit many of the recognized professional organizations ongoing continuing education is critical for a professional career. The small investment in additional training can go a long way to keeping skills fresh and increasing the competence level of any professional.

Driver Education Software For the New Generation – Education Definition

The United States and Canada are experiencing an increased young driver population after years of a decreased population due to the baby boom echo. Simultaneously, enrollment in Driver’s Education courses has declined. With our technological advancements as a society, we should be able to offer a high tech, more comprehensive training system for our young drivers.Studies show that for effective and lasting crash prevention techniques to be taught both skill and motivational aspects must be addressed effectively. Therefore, educational training and behavioral change intervention is needed to produce a decrease in the amount of traffic crashes in young drivers. New drivers need to learn to handle a vehicle as well as interact with other road users. It takes several years for a driver to reach mature risk levels as the only way to reach this level is by gaining experience.The linking of parents and community influences as well as personal involvement and incentives would likely have positive results. These results would likely be produced within each individual community through its own efforts. Interactive media could be used to enhance perceptual and decision skills. Studies show that video games can increase attentional capacity. Therefore, the integration of interactive gaming type activities could help improve these skills. Integrating this curriculum to areas of personal and social values, risk taking, self esteem, peer pressure, health protection etc. could foster an ingrained understanding of the subject matter. Pairing a deep understanding of the responsibility to other drivers with the skill needed to operate a vehicle safely is an optimal situation.Driver’s Education definitely needs to be updated. It will benefit us as a society to have skilled, confident and prepared drivers on the road. Small advancements have been made. Many states are allowing a student to take an approved CD ROM based or online course. There is also a downloadable Drivers Ed PC Game. Prospective drivers can practice driving online and complete practice tests with this interactive game. However, the posted reviews of this game indicate that partakers found this game non-engaging and boring. This may not be a representative sample as people who enjoy the game may be too busy playing to fill out the review!Offering an option of time in a driving simulator would be a great motivator to get new drivers to attend Driver’s Ed. Interactive computer software games [http://www.thesoftwarespot.com/default.asp?SID=x3MURYEYNJ4GU7XJE3XUKH&S=500&A=F&SearchText=&CategoryID=1695949&NID=7198939] that propose different situations and scores according to the drivers handling of the situation is a less expensive suggestion. Take into consideration the video gaming phenomenon and then show me a teenager that refuses to practice his video game! Video gaming can accomplish both the educational training and the behavioral change intervention.Post baby boom echo has found an increased young driver population for the United States and Canada. This increase in new drivers is accompanied by a decline in enrollment in Driver’s Education courses. We should be able to offer a high tech, more comprehensive training system for our young drivers. Driving simulators and driving video games are two promising avenues for revamping Driver’s Education!

Using a Scholarship Search to Fund a College Education – Education Definition

Finding ways to raise enough money for college is important, whether you are a high school senior or an adult getting ready to go back to college for more education. The cost of college has never been higher than today, and the high prices are making it more difficult to afford going to college.Today, most jobs require that you have a college education, and a quality education definitely helps people on the road to success. While you may not have money set aside for college and your parents may not be able to make large contributions, scholarships can help you get the money you need for college. There are literally thousands of scholarships out there and it may be quite daunting to know where to begin. Using a scholarships search can help you sift through the available scholarships to find those that are applicable to you.Get Started EarlyOne of the most important things to remember when you are doing a scholarship search is that you should start as early as possible. If you wait until the last minute, the number of scholarships available will be much more limited and you will miss out on some great opportunities. Starting the summer before you senior year or the first semester can help you have the time you need to find quality scholarships. Many scholarships require a great deal of paperwork, and some even require that you write essays for them as well, so you want to be sure that you have plenty of time to complete them without rushing.Online SearchesOne of the best places to do a scholarship search is on the internet. A variety of great sites are available that can help you find scholarships, and they make it very easy for you to find them. Some sites allow you to fill out your personal information and then they match you up with scholarships that you are eligible for. While you may only have a few matches to begin with, most of these sites will email you when a new scholarship comes available of they find another scholarship that you may be interested in. If you are not able to search online, then check with your school guidance counselors to see if they can help you to do a scholarship search. Often, these counselors are familiar with and have access to a variety of different scholarship opportunities.Important InformationWhen you are doing a scholarship search it is important that you include as much information about yourself as possible. Many of the scholarships are actually only available to those who meet a specific set of requirements. Some may require that you are a male, or some scholarships may require that you are part Indian or part Hispanic in order to be eligible. Other scholarships require that you have at least a “B” average in school or some may require that you are majoring in a science field. When you include your personal information, such as your race, gender, average grades, and intended field of study, you can be better matched to scholarships.Instead of worrying about how college will be affordable for you, do something about it and start a scholarship search. With so many scholarships out there, no doubt you will be able to win enough money to help you out with college. When you use a scholarship search, it will be quick and easy to find the scholarships available to you so you can have the money you need for a great education.

Education Loans: Elucidate Your Life With The Education You Dream Of – Education Definition

The growth and development of a nation depends significantly on the quality of the human resource of that nation. Education definitely plays a vital role in improving the quality of human capital. Education is can be one powerful tool that can help a person carve a niche for himself in today’s world of cutthroat competition.There are many people in UK who are intellectually gifted and can secure a bright future by pursuing higher education from the top-notch universities. However, they are compelled to forego their dream of availing higher education due to lack of sufficient funds. The cost of higher education is skyrocketing day by day. It is nearly impossible for the common man to afford the expenses associated with higher education solely with his monthly income.There is no need to sacrifice your academic aspirations just because you cannot manage to save enough money from living expenditures. The UK loan market offers education loans that serve as an aid for meeting your educational expenses. Education loans are structured based on the specific requirements of a prospective student. The student needs to start repaying the loan only after completing a particular course successfully.Education loans are available in various sizes and at different interest rates and terms. So, it is essential to compare the different education loan schemes available in the market and then select the scheme that is most viable, depending on your personal and financial requirements. Busy schedule and hectic lifestyle make it difficult to visit the different lenders personally. Online search for an education loan will save you time and energy, and will help you find a good loan deal with just a few clicks on the mouse. Compare the pros and cons of each education loan scheme before taking the final decision. Pay special attention to read the fine print before signing the contract agreement.So, enlighten yourself with the education you dream to pursue and pave way for a bright and successful life ahead.

Investing For College Education – Inconvenient Or Important? – Education Definition

Most parents consider investing for their children’s education to be as important as planning for their retirement years. What about you?These days, the costs charged by most universities and colleges for tuition fees are forever rising to unheard of new highs. Add to that fees for study materials, and worse, the rent paid in order to keep your child in a suitable residential place for students, and you get an increasing number of high school graduates who start working for a living even before they’re properly prepared — educationally, that is.But what would you say if I told you that most caring parents regard this as a nightmare because they’re finding it very hard to cope with the high fees required to put their youngsters in a good university or college? What’s more discouraging is the fact that most parents earn much less in household combined income than what the majority of these higher learning institutions are asking them to pay even for registration purposes only.So where do you go from there?Do you just shrug your helpless shoulders and start giving up on your child’s dreams of becoming the next president of your country, doctor, nurse, or ballerina, and put every blame on the education system and those who are currently representing you in parliament for failing you?Or is there another solution around this nightmare?Fortunately for you, there is a solution that can absolutely help you as caring parent to help you make your child’s dreams come true…And the solution is the college education plan for children from as young as one day old!The college education plan – available at most financial services providers in your area – is an investment or savings plan that can be personalized to cover for your child’s future education needs when she’s ready to start her higher learning. Investing in a college education fund is also within reach or most parents because you can start investing from a very low monthly contribution that is guaranteed to make sure your child will enter a higher learning institution of her choice when she’s ready.Perhaps you’re worried that you won’t be able to keep up with the monthly contributions because the money might somehow get into your greedy little hands. Relax! Contributions to your investment are paid via your employer’s automatic stop order system or debit order from your bank account. All that’s left for you is to just sit back, relax, and watch your college investment grow side by side with your child.And not only will your investment be protected against the threat of inflation reducing your money’s spending power, the money will be paid back to you tax-free! But the cherry on top is that your child’s dreams of becoming the next president of your country, doctor, nurse, or ballerina, can definitely come true — no matter what happens to you!2010 Andrew Molobetsi. All rights reserved

How to Find the Best Financial Education Program – Education Definition

If you’re reading this then hopefully you are looking for a way to take control of your own finances by completing some form of financial education program. Perhaps you have sacked your financial adviser because he’s done such a crap job over the last couple of years and you reckon you can do a better job. Or maybe you’re just starting off and have decided to take responsibility for your financial future at an early stage.If so, congratulations! The path to true wealth and prosperity lies in understanding your own finances and taking control of them. The path to failure is letting others, like financial advisers, family or friends, take control of your future by managing your investments or telling you what you should be doing. Worse still, is trying to do it on your own without understanding where you are going.To benefit from the ability to control your own finances you need initial and ongoing financial education and that is best achieved through a properly structured financial education program. It’s like learning to play golf. If you have never played before, then the best way to learn is to seek a professional who will show you how to achieve that low handicap through a perfect swing. Your ongoing performance on the golf course also relies on your ongoing practice and continued support from the golf pro or other professional sources. We all know what sort of golfer a person is likely to be who has never taken a golf lesson and relies on advice from their mates when things go from bad to worse with the swing.Financial well being is no different to playing golf. You need to learn the basics through a comprehensive financial education program. The program also needs to teach you the right mindset for achieving prosperity. Financial freedom or success can have different definitions to many people but any financial education program needs to also teach you beyond the basics and principles of how to swing a golf club.What about when your ball goes into a bunker? Did your golf pro teach you how to get out of trouble? We all know the world of finance and investment does not run smoothly all the time. For the untrained, making financial decisions can be like not knowing what club to use on the tee or any other part of the course – because they do not know what the outcome may be. To the trained golfer you know what club to use and will be successful more often than not when you play a shot from any position.To find the best financial education program you need it to cover the fundamental basics like budgeting, cash flows, understanding all types of investments, investment structures and understanding company reports and research papers. It also needs to teach all the advanced strategies like minimising your taxes, estate planning issues, retirement planning strategies and protecting your assets. It also needs to teach you about prosperity, financial well being and the importance of a healthy lifestyle. Probably the most important aspect, just as the golfer needs constant revision and practice to keep a low handicap, you will need constant reviews and ongoing access to professionals and mentors.Achieving financial freedom is an ongoing pursuit of knowledge and education. If you don’t do it right you’ll end up in the trees or someone else’s forest.There are many different levels of financial education programs out there, available online or directly through many reputable financial institutions. They all come with different price levels, expectations and outcomes. One of the best financial education programs I can recommend is the Ultimate Wealth Formula [http://www.theultimatewealthformula.com/rbourne]. It’s not designed for everyone but then that depends on whether you want the perfect golf game or you’re just looking to fix that nasty slice.

Lack of Education Contributes to Crime – Education Definition

As more and more low-income families move into neighborhoods that once catered to the middle or upper class, one must be on the lookout for his own personal safety and report any criminal activity going on in their surroundings. Crime is everywhere in these neighborhoods where kids find too much time on their hands after school hours or after the school year lets out.What also contributes to the crime rate in such places? Is it just the lack of money for low income families? Sometimes, crime can be attributed to the lack of education on the part of the perpetrator or their families.It is a statistical fact that the crime rate is inversely proportional to the education level of the culprit. Kids who grow up in families that do not stress the importance of getting an education are more likely to be living out on the streets, doing drugs, joining gangs, or ending up in prison.Sometimes parents who raise such kids were raised in similar conditions when they were youngsters. Nothing has changed. An education should be foremost on parents’ minds when rearing their kids. In fact, an education is the key out of poverty. As the old saying goes, “The way out of the gutter is with a book and not a basketball.”Kids who do not have a good education in school are more likely to have difficulty with finding jobs, getting into college, or staying out of trouble with the law. Many times they have family issues that are attributed to the loss of a parent at a young age due to a death or an incarceration.Kids from single-parent homes run that risk of growing up as an “at-risk” child. This is due to the fact that the parent must work to provide food and shelter for the child, and the absence of the other parent fails to provide leadership and guidance for a growing mind. A parent who is incarcerated will definitely not be around to guide the child to getting good grades in school.What kind of message does an incarcerated parent send to a child? Is it okay to be dumb and stupid and end up in prison like their daddy? Like father, like son. Right? Is it okay to skip school and join a gang like their daddy once did?The truth of the matter is that kids who drop out of school will face hardship in their lives as they grow older. Lack of education on their part means lack of money to support a family. Lack of money translates into robbing a bank or convenience store.We hear in the news every day a robbery that occurs in our city or elsewhere. Or perhaps a shooting on the part of the perpetrator that caused an innocent life come to an abrupt halt.What are kids doing nowadays? How can we prevent our own kids from becoming troubled kids? For one, a parent must be a good role model and stress the importance of a good education. That means the parents must take an active role in their child’s education by monitoring how much television the child is allowed to watch and taking charge of knowing the kinds of friends that his child associates with. Furthermore, this means maintaining communication with his teachers at school and looking over his report card regularly.A child with poor academic performance may indicate something wrong at school. Perhaps he does not like school due to external influences; i.e. bullying, difficult teachers, taunting by other students, or peer pressure.It is better to catch the child’s problem as early as possible before it comes to the point that the child is truant from school, or worse, acts out his frustration that is reflected in another Virginia Tech-like massacre.A child should like his studies and should show interest in his schoolwork. He should be taught that good grades will help him get a good education so that he can get a good paying job and be a productive member of society after he graduates.Teach your child that involvement in gangs, violence, drugs, and/or extortion will not get him anywhere but prison. Once a person ends up doing life in prison, there IS no second chance. There is no freedom for him. There is no TV, no video games, no music, nothing! Not even a chance to get an education behind bars. If there is school in prison, the education is very limited.If you are raising a child, question your child as to what is going on in school if he/she displays academic difficulty. Spend some quality time with him/her. Help them with their homework if possible. Remember, you are not just his/her friend, you are their parents. You are the first role model that a child looks toward from infancy. So be a good one and teach him/her what is right by staying in school.There is a story in Austin, Texas a few years ago. It involved a troubled 17-year-old kid, Manuel Cortez, a high school dropout, who went out with his friends in a stolen car one sunny afternoon, and shot another student, Christopher Briseno, whom he did not even know because Briseno allegedly was teasing the sister of Manuel’s friend. Manuel Cortez is now serving life in prison because he made a stupid decision. Now families of the victim and the perpetrator are suffering two losses from society. All for what? Because Mr. Cortez chose to drop out of school and associate with gangs and/or violence? He chose to give up the possibility of an education so that he can run around gang banging? Or did he not have the proper support and guidance from his parents?

Treasure Education – Education Definition

Education is of great importance in the knowledge society, globalization trends set the tone of today’s culture, the need to allow all and sundry to make fruitful their abilities, skills and talents, is one of the foundations of education Current. Not forgetting that the country’s internal conflict, unequal conditions being experienced in many places especially in underdeveloped countries generate dissatisfaction, crisis and difficulty meeting the goals of education.Analyzing the basics of education is modeled as pillars, learning to learn, determining the possibility that students are able to develop thought processes considering that in them there is awareness of the responsibility in the teaching- learning, reinforcing and strengthening critical in decision-making, learning to be, the school has a very important mission related to the formation of people of integrity, who are appropriately integrated into society, they are good people who know how to recognize the human dignity under all current conflicts.In 1993, UNESCO established an “International Commission on Education for the Twenty-first Century”, a phrase mentioned that I consider key to understanding the foundations of education “… education is one of the most powerful weapons we have for shape the future… ” humans build a society in which knowledge became so central to the development of a country and those teachers responsible for the education of the people should be aware of importance of this for building our society and the foundations for the future of each country.Learning to do, it is essential to develop skills in the students to be able to apply the acquired knowledge in problem solving situations, they can participate in the construction of knowledge considering all the new technological tools that gives us the knowledge society. Learning to live together are fundamental values for society, learn to respect others, to come to mediate, reconcile are key issues for the peaceful resolution of conflicts and establishment of norms that allow us to establish agreements for the common good.Education for life to sort, prepare, diversify trajectories, analyzing phenomena currently being experienced severe as exclusion, marked a key point because despite the ability of people to access information on the different media, there is illiteracy that now live example presented in technology when a person can not or will not access the information. Some of the basic tools you need to have a person correspond to essential aspects such as reading, writing, speaking, theoretical and practical content, calculations, problem solving, values and attitudes necessary to live adequately. All this seems very complex but definitely the challenges of modern society lead us to understand education as an opportunity to strengthen people intellectually and culturally, this in order that the individual is able to establish their identity to the contracting company their lives, improving their conditions and also allows the possibility of developing more efficient and effective with their daily activities and the possibility of further work adequately adapt to the conditions of their social group.Continuous learning is a must today be preparing the lifetime, and educational processes do not end, human beings must be in permanent construction, this should also facilitate appropriate interaction with others in terms of tolerance and respect.At the World Conference on Higher Education mentioned relevant aspects of higher education, recognizing the importance of this for the development of society in economic and building the future, recognizing the challenges of new technologies with the possibility to organize, disseminate knowledge and economic stratification since the differences in opportunities for access to knowledge, the need for higher education profoundly change under values crisis facing today.Completing the process of recognition of the characteristics of the university and all the challenges it is subject means the need for alternatives to reduce the education gap between developed and developing countries and the need to build a more equal society, more just, participatory which generates more equity for the population.